The strategic importance of Boka Kotorska throughout its history is apparent from the monumental appearance of the town, which still radiates with dignity, significance and power. The perfectly preserved walls of Kotor are some five kilometres long and are a unique example of fortification architecture in Europe.
Since the town was founded in the 7th century, the walls have been changed and upgraded. They bear the marks of many different ages. For example, the St Ivan fort (also known as San Giovanni) is one of the most important Venetian forts that they had in the Adriatic.
Churches, the palaces of Kotor patricians and public administration buildings all contribute to this wonder of urbanism that has a special charm. A stroll down the streets of Kotor is an experience which will remain deeply ingrained in your memory. The old town’s core is one of the best-preserved towns in the Mediterranean and is under UNESCO protection. The maritime heritage of Kotor is one of the most significant in the Adriatic. The tradition of seafarers, captains and seamen whose sailboats sailed the Mediterranean date back to early Middle Ages. That is when the notion of the Boka navy – an association of Kotor and Boka captains and seafarers – originates from. The purpose of its establishment was to connect individuals and social classes, to combine their interests, and increase the level of social safety and protection (the traditions of the association are still kept today). The heyday of maritime navigation was in the 17th and 18th centuries, when there were more than 300 sailboats registered in Kotor. Kotor’s maritime activity led to the advancement of the entire bay, especially the towns in its vicinity. At one particular moment in history, there were around one hundred transoceanic shipmasters in Prčanj, who were so rich that they even lent money to the state during the Venetian administration. It is no wonder then that the parish church of the Nativity of Mary, one of the most monumental sacral edifices in the region, dominates the panorama of Prčanj. Ivo Visin, the first seafarer from one of the South Slavic nations to sail around the world in his small sailing boat Splendido, was also born in Prčanj. Kotor was home to a beatified person, the blessed Ozana of Kotor. This modest shepherd from Montenegro became known for her clairvoyance abilities and fulfilment of prophecies. She played an essential role when Turkish Admiral and pirate Hajrudin Barbarossa attacked Kotor.
The glass sarcophagus with her relic is located in St Mary’s of the River co-cathedral. The port has a harbour office, maritime border crossing and harbour administration, police and customs.